AGRARIAN TRANSITION AND OPPORTUNITY WINDOWS FOR AGROECOLOGICAL INNOVATION
At the end of this course, you will be capable of:
- Explaining farmers' land use decision making in different contexts.
- Reading and anticipating trajectories of land use change.
- Identifying opportunities and constraints for agro-ecological innovation.
Drawing on case study material from Laos, the course will address two main issues:
- Rural areas are complex and changing places. Especially, market integration of rural areas are fostering processes of land use intensification, land degradation and economic diversification and engender a diversity of local development trajectories
- There are no one-size-fits-all solutions to agroecological issues. Especially, the suitability and adoption of agroecological innovations by farmers can be differentiated from one socioeconomic and environmental context to another.
It's recommended to complete the online course " Agrarian System Analysis and Diagnosis
" by Malyne Neang before to follow this module.
In this lesson, we will review the geographical, environmental and agricultural characteristics that make Laos a privileged context for a case study on agrarian transition and agroecological innovation.
Looking specifically at the 'boom' recorded in maize production in the 2000s, we will show, in this second lesson, how agricultural expansion and land use intensification have occurred in Laos:
• What have been the consequences for farming systems and practices?
• What have been the impacts on rural landscapes?
- What were the main reasons for adoption and non adoption of Conservation Agriculture?
- What lessons can be drawn from this case study regarding opportunities and constraints to agroecological innovation?